VEGETARIAN, ken laming, kenneth laming, frugan, health, fresh food, raw food, famous vegetarian, vegan, nutrition, fitness,


Enzymes are energized protein molecules necessary for life. They catalyze and regulate nearly all biochemical reactions that occur within the human body. There are three primary groups of enzymes: metabolic enzymes, digestive enzymes and food enzymes. Metabolic enzymes are those enzymes that catalyze various chemical reactions within the cells such as detoxification and energy production. Digestive enzymes are secreted along the gastrointestinal tract to break down food so the nutrients can be absorbed into the bloodstream. Human digestive enzymes include protease, amylase, lipase, pepsin, ptyalin and trypsin. Food enzymes are naturally present in all raw foods, providing exogenous source of digestive enzymes when consumed. Raw foods contain protease, amylase, lipase and cellulase to aid in the breakdown of that foods protein, carbohydrates, fat and fiber, respectively. Dr. Howell observed a direct relationship between caloric content and food enzyme content stating "foods having a higher caloric content are richer in food enzymes."



Naturally-occuring enzymes in raw food are activated by the moisture and heat introduced during mastication. Once active, these enzymes begin the process of pre-digestion as the food moves to the stomach. Pre-digestion continues in the fundus or upper portion of the stomach, sometimes as long as an hour before the food is mixed with gastric secretion and the enzymes are inactivated. Howell referred to this chronological compartmentalization as the "Food Enzyme Stomach". In the alkaline environment of the small intestine, the food enzymes return to their active state, contributing to the completion of the digestive process. When enzyme deficient cooked food is consumed, the entire burden of digestion is placed upon the body's digestive system.


The study of enzymes has not been simple since enzymes operate on both chemical and biological levels, and science cannot measure or synthesize their biological or life energy.  Enzymes are responsible in maintaining health and in healing they are our metabolism - the body’s labour force.  Enzymes are substances that make life possible. They are needed for every chemical reaction that takes place in the human body. No mineral, vitamin or hormone can do any work without enzymes. They are the manual workers that build our bodies from proteins, carbohydrates, and fats.

Researchers believe that our enzyme energy has a limit and we must help to maintain them as much as possible in order to have a longer life.  There are three classes of enzymes: metabolic enzymes, which run our bodies; digestive enzymes, which digest our food; and food enzymes from raw foods, which start food digestion. Our bodies- all organs and tissues-are run by metabolic enzymes.   These enzyme workers take proteins, fats, carbohydrates, starches and sugars, etc and structure them into healthy bodies, keeping everything working well.

Digestive enzymes have only three main jobs: digesting protein, carbohydrate, and fat. Proteases are enzymes that digest protein; amylases digest carbohydrate, and lipases digest fat.

The Food Enzyme Concept” by Dr. Edward Howell is a different approach of looking at disease. It defends the idea that when ingested, the enzymes in raw food, or supplementary enzymes result in a significant degree of digestion, lowering the drain on the organisms own enzyme potential. Dr. Edward Howell defends that by eating raw food the work of the enzymes is less and the result is a healthy body.  By eating raw food less stomach acid is secreted.

He remarks that most people spend their enzyme bank account and seldom make a deposit. It would be wiser to conserve enzymes and get enzymes reinforcements from the outside, since various experiments have taught us that enzymes are precious commodities.   He believes that by cutting down on the amount of food we can contribute to a higher enzyme potential, less food means fewer digestive enzymes are required. This keeps death away as well as arming the body against disease.

Enzymes convert the food we eat into chemical structures that can pass through the cell membranes of the cells lining the digestive tract into the bloodstream.   He defends that all uncooked foods contain an abundance of food enzymes, which correspond to the nutritional highlights of the food.

He says that nature has enclosed all raw foods with the correct and balanced amounts of food enzymes either for human consumption or eventual decomposition outside the human body.   The enzyme diet defended by Dr Edward Howell is defined by a regimen in which food is taken in its raw state, in its unprocessed form, in possession of its full quota of enzymes

The digestive enzymes of civilized humans are infinitely stronger and more concentrated in enzyme activity than any other enzyme combination found in nature.   The organism values its enzymes highly and will make no more than are needed for the job. The body will make less concentrated digestive enzymes, if some of the food is digested by enzymes present in it.

In humans, the upper portion of the stomach is in fact a food-enzyme stomach. This part secretes no enzymes. In fact, the digestion of the protein, carbohydrate, and fat in raw food begins in the mouth the very moment the plant cell walls are ruptured, releasing the food enzymes during the act of mastication.

After swallowing, digestion continues in the food-enzyme section of the stomach for one-half to one hour, or until the rising tide of acidity reaches a point where it is inhibited. Then the stomach enzyme pepsin takes over.  If harmful bacteria are swallowed with the food they may attack it during this time of enforced illness. The salivary enzyme works on the carbohydrate, but the protein and fat must wait.

Dr. Howell believes that mankind’s change in the diet from mostly uncooked to cooked foods has probably resulted in changes in the structure of our gastrointestinal tract beyond the stomach specifically, the appendix and caesium play an active role in digestion in many herbivorous animals but have atrophied in humans.

He explains that when there are no food enzymes in the food eaten, to predigest it the pancreas must work to give out more internal enzymes to do the job. Metabolic enzymes do the work.  The pancreas must send out messages to all parts of the body looking for enzymes it can reprocess into digestive enzymes. When it finds them it has to change metabolic enzymes into digestive enzymes this means extra work and the enlargement of the pancreas.

This enlargement may not harm the pancreas, but when it confiscates metabolic enzymes it punishes the whole body by depriving it of the mechanics of every organ and cells needs to carry on their processes and functions.  He says that high calorie foods have far more of the three main digestive enzymes, but unfortunately these foods are eaten cooked and hence without enzymes.

In his opinion bananas, avocados, grapes, mangoes, olives from the tree, fresh raw dates, fresh raw figs, raw honey, raw butter, unpasteurized milk, germinated, inhibitor-fee raw cereal grains and seeds and germinated, inhibitor-fee raw tree nuts are endowed with both calories and enzymes.

Dr. Howell concludes that the best way to help the body keeping a high enzyme content is to follow a diet rich in raw foods based on fruits, nuts, seeds and vegetables. This can prevent many diseases and the body will have a long life of health and well-being.

VEGETARIAN, ken laming, kenneth laming, frugan, health, fresh food, raw food, famous vegetarian, vegan, nutrition, fitness,